Open Access

1. What is open access?

2. What is the aim of open access?

3. How is OA provided?

3.1. Self-archiving (“green” open access)

3.2. Open access electronic journals (“gold” open access)

4. Berlin Declaration on Open Access to Knowledge in the Sciences and Humanities

5. OpenAIRE & OpenAIREplus

6. Zenodo – The scientific data repository of European research

6.1. Characteristics of Zenodo

6.2. Content and data for each research field

7. About OpenAIREplus

8. 4th OpenAIRE Workshop - Videos and Slides

 

1. What is open access?

Open access (OA) is the free, direct, continuous and free-of-charge access to digital academic and scientific content, without most of the restrictions regarding intellectual property. Readers may freely use the available material for research, educational or other purposes.

2. What is the aim of open access?

Open access aims primarily in facilitating the exchange of scientific information.

3. How is OA provided?

The Budapest Open Access Initiative (BOAI) mentions the following two ways of providing open access, which constitute the most systematic and concrete approaches and maximize the chances of locating and rendering visible research and academic content:

3.1. Self-archiving (“green” open access)

Through this procedure, authors submits themselves their preprints (drafts of scientific papers that have not yet been published in a peer-reviewed scientific journal) and postprints (digital drafts of research journal articles after they have been peer reviewed), as well as other digital material such as conference proceedings, monographs, doctoral theses, etc. to

bibliographic databases

subject digital collections

institutional repositories

their personal website

3.2. Open access electronic journals (“gold” open access)

These are online journals that can be freely accessed by anyone, in which peer-reviewed articles are published. These journals are published either by traditional publishing houses or by publishers focusing exclusively on OA or by new publishing schemes.

4. Berlin Declaration on Open Access to Knowledge in the Sciences and Humanities

In 2012 the UCY Library sent a letter to the President of the Max Planck Society requesting that, following a decision adopted by the Senate in 2008, the University of Cyprus be included among the signatories of the Berlin Declaration on Open Access to Knowledge in the Sciences and Humanities. Following that letter, the University of Cyprus is listed among the institutions and organizations worldwide supporting open access.

5. OpenAIRE & OpenAIREplus

The UCY Library would like to inform that according to the terms of funding of the 7th Framework Programme (FP7) and the European Research Council (ERC), researchers receiving funding from the European Commission in the fields of:

  • Energy
  • Environment,
  • Health,
  • Information and Communication Technologies,
  • Research Infrastructures and e-Infrastructures,
  • Science in Society,
  • Socio-economic Sciences and Humanities

must submit the full text of their research publications that derive from the above funding programs to an open access repository, so that the publications be permanently available worldwide. This obligation concerns the research results of 20% of all projects funded by FP7, while researchers in other fields may also make their publications available in open access archives.

It should be noted that the European Commission policies on issues of open access to publications funded under the above fields are realized through the projects OpenAIRE and OpenAIREplus. In summary, the European Commission applies the guidelines of two important texts regarding open access: Guidelines for Open Access, published by ERC Scientific Council in December 2007, and Open Access Pilot, published by the European Commission in August 2008, the provisions of which will apply until FP7 expires.

According to these policies practiced by the European Commission, researchers who receive/d funding from the Commission in one of the 7 fields above have the obligation to publish the results of their research in an open access repository within 6-12 months after their initial publication. It should be noted that according to the European Commission instructions, researchers must first seek to publish their work in an open access institutional repository. If this is not possible, then the work must be published in a thematic repository in Open Access Directory. In case this is not possible either, then the work must be submitted to the Orphan Repository maintained by OpenAIRE project in collaboration with CERN.

Today there are 3 open access institutional repositories in Cyprus to which researchers may submit their articles.

  • LEKYTHOS repository at the University of Cyprus.
  • KTISIS repository at the Technical University of Cyprus.
  • KYPSELI repository at the Open University of Cyprus.

The University of Cyprus Library is partner in the projects OpenAIRE and OpenAIREplus and operates as National Office for Support for Open Access and as information point, assisting researchers in the process of article submission and in promoting their research.

6. Zenodo – The scientific data repository of European research

European research data are now available through a single access point with Zenodo. Zenodo is the result of collaboration between the European project OpenAIRE and CERN, and is funded by the European Commission.

Zenodo includes the existing Orphan Repository of OpenAIRE, providing access not only to research data, but also to open access publications such as books, articles, conference presentations, patents, doctoral theses, studies, images (diagrams, tables, photographs, drawings, etc.), video and sound files.

The name of this services derives from Zenodotus, the first librarian of the ancient Library of Alexandria and responsible for the first recorded use of metadata, a very important figure in the history of libraries.
 

6.1. Characteristics of Zenodo

The service is available to every researcher, academic community or research institution with data and research content. It offers uploading capacity of 1 GB, rendering it particularly useful to agencies that do not have their own data repository.

Zenodo, like the aggregator of open access publications of OpenAIRE, offers a rich interface that allows for the correlation of objects with funding information from FP7. The information for each document uploaded to the service is verified in order to ensure the relevance between content and research.

6.2. Content and data for each research field

Data and collections are accessible to third services (such as PubMed Central) through the Open Archives Initiative Protocol for Metadata Harvesting (OAI-PMH). Even research institutes that do not have their own repositories may use Zenodo in order to insure the maximum possible availability of their content. Although Zenodo accepts content and data with various licenses of use, it encourages the use of open license and will take action to inform about the benefits deriving from its use, such as promotion and visibility of researchers.

Chris Erdmann, Head Librarian at the Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, says, “This will be of great benefit to the global research community. Institutions, together with scholarly communities, are looking for flexible deposit solutions that allow the living scholarly record to be easily curated, exchanged and cited. For the research community, to have a trustworthy publication and sharing mechanism for their scholarly activities at their fingertips, will be hugely beneficial.”

7. About OpenAIREplus

Project OpenAIREplus is the realization of Open Access pilot program for the 7th Framework Programme of the European Union, according to which researchers funded by the EU have the obligation to publish the results of their research to open access infrastructure, so that they be accessible by all through the Internet. It is successor to project OpenAIRE (2009-2011) and is coordinated by the University of Athens.

Read more:
Policies of submission, maintenance, access and reuse of content in this service

8. 4th OpenAIRE Workshop - Videos and Slides